Archive for Декабрь, 2010

Surface EMG pattern recognition for real-time control of a wrist exoskeleton

Дата: Декабрь 31st, 2010 Автор:
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  • Тип контента: Научная статья
  • Номер документа: 6247
  • Название документа: Surface EMG pattern recognition for real-time control of a wrist exoskeleton
  • Номер (DOI, IBSN, Патент): Не заполнено
  • Изобретатель/автор: Zeeshan O Khokhar, Zhen G Xiao, Carlo Menon
  • Правопреемник/учебное заведение: Simon Fraser University
  • Дата публикации документа: 2010-12-31
  • Страна опубликовавшая документ: Канада
  • Язык документа: Английский
  • Наименование изделия: Не заполнено
  • Источник: Khokhar et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine
  • Вложения: Да
  • Аналитик: Глаголева Елена

Background: Surface electromyography (sEMG) signals have been used in numerous studies for the classification of hand gestures and movements and successfully implemented in the position control of different prosthetic hands for amputees. sEMG could also po-tentially be used for controlling wearable devices which could assist persons with reduced muscle mass, such as those suffering from sarcopenia. While using sEMG for position control, estimation of the intended torque of the user could also provide sufficient information for an effective force control of the hand prosthesis or assistive device. This paper presents the use of pattern re-cognition to estimate the torque applied by a human wrist and its real-time implementation to control a novel two degree of freedom wrist exoskeleton prototype (WEP), which was specifically developed for this work.
Methods: Both sEMG data from four muscles of the forearm and wrist torque were collected from eight volunteers by using a custom-made testing rig. The features that were extracted from the sEMG signals included root mean square (rms) EMG amplitude, autoregres-sive (AR) model coefficients and waveform length. Support Vector Machines (SVM) was employed to extract classes of different force intensity from the sEMG signals. After assessing the off-line performance of the used classification technique, the WEP was used to validate in real-time the proposed classification scheme.
Results: The data gathered from the volunteers were divided into two sets, one with nineteen classes and the second with thirteen classes. Each set of data was further divided into training and testing data. It was observed that the average testing accuracy in the case of nineteen classes was about 88% whereas the average accuracy in the case of thirteen classes reached about 96%. Clas-sification and control algorithm implemented in the WEP was executed in less than 125 ms.
Conclusions: The results of this study showed that classification of EMG signals by separating different levels of torque is possi-ble for wrist motion and the use of only four EMG channels is suitable. The study also showed that SVM classification technique is suitable for real-time classification of sEMG signals and can be effectively implemented for controlling an exoskeleton device for assisting the wrist.

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Категория: Научные статьи | Нет комментариев »


Человек, управляемый нейроконтроллером. Обзор эксперимента.

Дата: Декабрь 31st, 2010 Автор:
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  • Тип контента: Новостная статья
  • Номер документа: 4846
  • Название документа: Человек, управляемый нейроконтроллером
  • Номер (DOI, IBSN, Патент): Не заполнено
  • Изобретатель/автор: Не заполнено
  • Правопреемник/учебное заведение: Не заполнено
  • Дата публикации документа: 2010-12-31
  • Страна опубликовавшая документ: Россия
  • Язык документа: Русский
  • Наименование изделия: Не заполнено
  • Источник: http://www.3dnews.ru/news/chelovek-upravlyaemiy-neyrokontrol
  • Вложения: Не заполнено
  • Аналитик: Helix

Технологии нейроинтерфейса, а попросту управления электронными системами силой мысли, все чаще появляются в исследовательских лабораториях и даже иногда поступают в серийное производство. Немногое может сравниться с удовольствием от мысленного контроля, особенно если управление электронной системой сменяется управлением человеком.
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Категория: Управление | Нет комментариев »


Design and Qualitative Evaluation of Tactile Devices for Stroke Rehabilitation

Дата: Декабрь 31st, 2010 Автор:
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  • Тип контента: Научная статья
  • Номер документа: 7449
  • Название документа: Design and Qualitative Evaluation of Tactile Devices for Stroke Rehabilitation
  • Номер (DOI, IBSN, Патент): Не заполнено
  • Изобретатель/автор: G.V. Merrett, C.D. Metcalf, D. Zheng, S. Cunningham, S. Barrow, S.H. Demain
  • Правопреемник/учебное заведение: Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, Hampshire, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Hampshire
  • Дата публикации документа: 2010-12-31
  • Страна опубликовавшая документ: Великобритания
  • Язык документа: Английский
  • Наименование изделия: Не заполнено
  • Источник: Не заполнено
  • Вложения: Да
  • Аналитик: Глаголева Елена

Rehabilitation environments combining virtual reality with everyday motor tasks can promote recovery from neurological illness, such as stroke. Tactile devices, providing physical stimulation to the skin, may improve motor retraining. While many tactile devices have been reported, there is a distinct paucity of studies evaluating how they are perceived. This multidisciplinary research has investigated three tactile devices (vibration motors, a motor-driven ‘squeezer’, and shape memory alloys) for providing a realistic sensation of static interaction with virtual objects. These devices have been iterati-vely redesigned and qualitatively evaluated with healthy human participants. This paper presents the devices, their evaluation, and iterative redesign.

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Категория: Научные статьи | Нет комментариев »


Wrench-Closure Workspace Generation for Cable Driven Parallel Manipulators using a Hybrid Analytical-Numerical Approach

Дата: Декабрь 31st, 2010 Автор:
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  • Тип контента: Научная статья
  • Номер документа: 7428
  • Название документа: Wrench-Closure Workspace Generation for Cable Driven Parallel Manipulators using a Hybrid Analytical-Numerical Approach
  • Номер (DOI, IBSN, Патент): Не заполнено
  • Изобретатель/автор: Darwin Lau, Denny Oetomo, Saman Halgamuge
  • Правопреемник/учебное заведение: Department of Mechanical Engineering the University of Melbourne Melbourne, Australia
  • Дата публикации документа: 2010-12-31
  • Страна опубликовавшая документ: Австралия
  • Язык документа: Английский
  • Наименование изделия: Не заполнено
  • Источник: Не заполнено
  • Вложения: Да
  • Аналитик: Глаголева Елена

In this paper, a technique to generate the wrench-closure workspace for general case completely restrained cable driven parallel mechanisms is proposed. Existing methods can be classified as either numerically or analytically based approaches. Numerical techniques exhaustively sample the task space, which can be inaccurate due to discretisation and is computationally expensive. In comparison, analytical formulations have higher accuracy, but often provides only qualitative workspace information. The proposed hybrid approach combines the high accuracy of the analytical approach and the algorithmic versatility of the numerical approach. Additionally, this is achieved with significantly lower computational costs compared to numerical methods. It is shown that the wrench-closure workspace can be reduced to a set of univariate polynomial inequalities with respect to a single variable of the end-effector motion. In this form, the workspace can then be efficiently determined and quantitatively evaluated. The proposed technique is described for a 3-DOF and a 6-DOF cable driven parallel manipulator. A detailed example in workspace determination using the proposed approach and comparison against the conventional numerical approach are presented.

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Категория: Научные статьи | Нет комментариев »


On the kinematic design of exoskeletons and their fixations with a human member

Дата: Декабрь 31st, 2010 Автор:
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  • Тип контента: Научная статья
  • Номер документа: 7567
  • Название документа: On the kinematic design of exoskeletons and their fixations with a human member
  • Номер (DOI, IBSN, Патент): Не заполнено
  • Изобретатель/автор: Nathana¨el Jarrass´e, Guillaume Morel
  • Правопреемник/учебное заведение: Institut des Syst`emes Intelligents et de Robotique
  • Дата публикации документа: 2010-12-31
  • Страна опубликовавшая документ: Франция
  • Язык документа: Английский
  • Наименование изделия: Не заполнено
  • Источник: Не заполнено
  • Вложения: Да
  • Аналитик: Глаголева Елена

A crucial problem in developing robotic exoskeletons lies in the design of physical connexions between the device and the human limb it is connected to. Indeed, because in general the human limb kinematics and the exoskeleton kinematics differ, using an embedment at each connection point leads to hyperstaticity. Therefore, uncontrollable forces can appear at the interaction port. To cope with this problem, literature suggests to add passive mechanisms at the fixation points. However, empirical solutions proposed so far suffer from a lack of proper analysis and generality. In this paper, the general problem of connecting two similar kinematic chains through multiple passive mechanisms is studied. A constructive method that allows to determine all the possible repartitions of freed DoFs across the different fixation mechanisms is derived. It includes formal proofs of global isostaticity. Practical usefulness is illustrated through an example with conclusive experimental results.

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Категория: Научные статьи | Нет комментариев »